Motorcycle transmissions have evolved substantially in terms of finesse and refinement, but not the actual functioning of it, until recently when automatic transmission motorcycles entered the market. Earlier, automatic transmissions were only limited to mopeds, some scooters, ATVs, jetskis, etc. But now, a lot of OEMs are coming up with automatic transmission motorcycles which also include all the electric motorcycles. What is automatic transmission and how is it better? Lets have a look.
What is Automatic Transmission?
In a standard motorcycle transmission, there is the gearbox, gear lever and the clutch. To engage or change gears, you pull on the clutch, shift the gear on the lever and then you release the clutch as you twist the accelerator a minuscule bit to get off or gain speed. Automatic transmission eliminates all of these steps. You simply twist the accelerator, and the bike will engage automatically and move forward.
The mechanism how this works is a bit complex, as well as contains multiple types. The current and most widely used transmission type is the Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT) and Dual-Clutch Transmission (DCT).
Both the types have their pros and cons, and OEMs use these depending upon which category the bike belongs to. There is no set standard or rules to it, but in the generic sense, low powered bikes tend to opt for CVT while the high powered and premium bikes opt for DCT simply owing to its high cost and refined ride.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Automatic Transmission
Automatic transmission is not perfect, but it holds many advantages over manual transmission, hence it is being used widely and is gaining traction consistently.
With these advantages in place, it only makes sense for companies to opt for automatic transmission in the future. But there are some disadvantages as well that is the major challenge to overcome.
Thus we can safely conclude that yes, automatic transmission is the future of automotive travel, considering the future is electric. Electric motorcycles use a single speed motor and hence the need for gears is eliminated as a whole. But even for internal combustion engine bikes, automatic transmission is the future and it will be more accessible and easy to use and adapt to in the future.
By: Pratik Patole